What is DISM exe?

DISM stands for the Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM.exe) tool in Windows. DISM is a Windows command-line tool used to service, prepare and repair Windows images, including those used for Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE), Windows PE,  and Windows Setup.

What is DISM.exe?

DISM.exe is the file executable that helps deploy important and necessary images from the DISM utility. It is a safe, secure tool and does not cause any trouble or threat to your PC.

dism.exe command

Generally, the DISM tool can be used to fix common Windows PC issues. For example, it can be used to service or repair a Windows image (.wim) or even a virtual hard disk (.vhd or .vhdx).

Where is DISM.exe?

DISM.exe is a Windows image repair tool. It comes built into the Windows Operating System. It is generally available through the command line (Command Prompt) or from Windows PowerShell.

If you need to use the DISM.exe tool, you will just launch the Command Prompt or Windows PowerShell and type the command line you want to execute. The DISM will be executed based on the command you specify.

For example, DISM comes built-in with Windows 10 in the c:\windows\system32 folder. However, you can run the DISM command in the Command Prompt from any Windows location. But you must be running the Command Prompt as administrator to use DISM in Windows 10 effectively.

Which File Formats can DISM Service?

By utilizing the DISM.exe tool, you can mount and service any Windows image from the following Windows OS file formats.

.wim files
.vhd files
.vhdx files
.ffu files

You can also use DISM.exe to update a running operating system.

How do I Use DISM.exe?

You can use the DISM command tool in three ways:

  • CheckHealth: DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth – this command will check for corruption or damages in the system files and local but will not repair them.
  • ScanHealth: DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth – this command will determine if the Windows 10 image has any problems but won’t repair it.
  • RestoreHealth: DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth – this command will repair local and Windows image problems and restore its health.

Note: If you need a step-by-step guide on how to use the DISM.exe tool, see this post. There are a few guidelines to using the DISM command lines as follows:

  • You need to launch the Command Prompt as an administrator.
  • You need to run these three command components in that hierarchy order to allow DISM to function effectively.

When do I Use DISM?

When your Windows device is facing issues with performance, start-up, system file errors, or ‘unexpected’ errors your first tool is always the System File Checker (sfc /scannow). The SFC scan will detect and replace missing or corrupted system files on the computer’s local image.

However, sometimes the issue may be residing deeper within the Windows image that the SFC may be unable to solve or repair. In this case, your next best option is to use the DISM tool to repair and solve the underlying issue.
Microsoft outlines that you can use the DISM tool under the following scenarios for image servicing and image management solutions:

  • Managing the information or data included in the Windows image: for example, enumerating (or recording the inventory of) the drivers, updates, applications, or components contained in an image. In addition, you can also use DISM to capture or split an image, mount an image or append or delete images within a .wim file.
  • Servicing the image itself: which includes adding or removing drivers and driver packages, modifying PC language settings, disabling or enabling Windows features, and upgrading Windows to higher editions.

So, basically, DISM is used for information gathering, Windows upgrade, and Windows image repair.

Which Windows Images Support DISM?

You can use the DISM.exe tool with older Windows image files (.wim files). But you cannot use it with Windows images, which are more recent than the Operating System’s installed DISM version.
In addition, you can use DISM to service Windows images beginning with the following Windows versions:

  • Windows 7.
  • Windows Server 2008 R2.
  • WinPE.
  • WinRE.
  • Windows 8.
  • Windows 8.1.
  • Windows 10.

Typically, the options and commands available for Windows image servicing depend on which Windows Operating System or Windows version you are servicing. It also largely depends on whether the image is offline or if it is a running Operating System.

What’s New for DISM in Windows 10?

Microsoft has updated DISM in Windows 10, which supports new features including:

  • Full Flash Update (.FFU): DISM now supports the .FFU file format in Window 10, which captures and applies an entire drive and includes partition information. It makes deployment easier and faster.
  • Capabilities: the new Windows package type now allows you to request services like .NET or languages without specifying the version. You can now use DISM to search multiple sources such as your corporate services or Windows Update to find and install the latest version.
  • Compress Operating system and provisioning packages to save space on a Windows image. This new feature replaces the WIMBoot features in Windows 8.1.

DISM in the Windows ADK

The Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit can help you run DISM on an older Windows version or if you need a different DISM version on your PC.

If you download the Windows ADK, DISM will appear in the Windows ADK in the following path:
C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\\Assessment and Deployment Kit\Deployment Tools\\DISM


  • <version> can be 8.0, 8.1, or 10.
  • <arch> can be x86 or amd64.

Error Code 0x80004005 Windows 7

If you’re a Windows 7 user, then you’ve probably encountered error code 0x80004005 on your Window 7 Operating System – alone or together with another Windows error. You may not have known when it occurred because it usually occurs alongside other Windows errors.

0x80004005 ERROR windows 7

Users who’ve encountered it often ask what error code 0x80004005 in Windows 7 is and why it occurs.

Here are FAQs about the error code 0x80004005 in Windows 7 that may help you understand it. If you’re using any Windows version above Windows 7, these FAQs can also help you.

What is Error Code 0x80004005?

Microsoft classifies and translates error code 0x80004005 as an ‘unspecified error” because it can be displayed on its own or alongside other unspecified Windows errors. Error 0x80004005 is specific to Windows 7 but also occurs on other Windows versions such as Windows 10.

In many cases, users see error 0x80004005 when they cannot access shared Folders, Drives, and Virtual Machines. Sometimes users see the error when Windows Updates fail to install on the operating system or when undertaking the following operations on File Explorer:

  • Extracting files or folders
  • Deleting files or folders
  • Renaming files or folders

What Does Unspecified Windows Error Mean?

A Windows unspecified error (0x80004005) can pop up alone or as other error codes. Windows do not have a specific code for this error, hence the ‘unspecified error’ tag.

When error 0x80004005 occurs, you may see a pop-up message indicating:

“An unexpected error is keeping you from renaming (or copying or deleting) the folder: 0x80004005.


“A problem is preventing Windows from accurately checking the license for this computer. Error code: 0x80004005”

Note: The code for this error can be 0x80004005 or any other random code. This is why it is called an unspecified error. This error also usually means that the Windows feature has run into an error it cannot resolve.

Why Does Error 0x80004005 Occur on Windows 7?

Usually, when you encounter error 0x80004005, it never explains what has caused its occurrence but only shows “unspecified error.” The reason for the occurrence of error 0x80004005 depends on where it occurs.

For example, if you see error 0x80004005 after a Windows Update fails, it may be because a file that the Windows Product Activation (WPA) needs is missing or damaged. Usually, this occurs under one or both of the following conditions:

  • When a file that the WPA requires has been manually modified
  • When a third-party security program (antivirus) or backup utility interferes with the installation of Windows Updates
  • When there is a problem opening a compressed file

Note: It may be difficult to diagnose the Windows error 0x80004005 because it is an unspecified error. You need the help of a technician concerning its possible cause.

How Do I Fix Error Code 0x80004005?

Although it is difficult to identify or diagnose, you can fix error code 0x80004005 when it occurs. Troubleshooting error code 0x80004005 depends on how the error message originates and its location.

You can run the Windows Update troubleshooter if you don’t know the error’s specific origin or install any pending Windows Updates on the system.

Alternatively, you may consider removing or deleting the VirtualBox Registry. Disabling the third-party security software on your system may also help solve error 0x80004005.

If you encounter error 0x80004005 while trying to access a shared file, folder, or drive, your solution may be to create a LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy Value.

Many other solutions can help you fix error 0x80004005, detailed here.

Many users have solved the error using this solution. But this process is a bit technical and needs to be highly keen, or you’ll risk damaging your computer.

Final Word

You may encounter error code 0x80004005 more than once. It is a common error in Windows 7, especially if your operating system needs an update. If you encounter this error, use the solutions we’ve shared to help you solve it and continue working on your PC without interruption.